“The South End Women’s Heritage Trail” is the first in a series of walks which have been developed under the auspices of the Boston Women’s Heritage Trail by teachers and students in the Boston Public Schools. This walk was developed by third graders in Paul Thompson and Jan Wellman’s class at the Blackstone School in the South End. The students contacted local women-led organizations which are doing important work in the community, researched their history, and conducted telephone interviews. They chose a name for the walk and designed the logo. Wearing special T-shirts, the students conducted a public tour, learned their very own “herstory” song and made a quilt. If you are interested in developing a trail in your neighborhood, please contact us. We’d be glad to help!
- SE1: The Blackstone School 380 Shawmut Avenue
- The South End Women’s Heritage Trail begins here because it is very near the home of Kip Tiernan. In 1974, Tiernan founded Rosie’s Place, a shelter where homeless women and their children are treated with dignity and unconditional love. Today, Rosie’s Place has four separate lodgings, serves 200 meals a day, and has 300 volunteers. The Blackstone School teaches its students to care for their community just as Kip Tiernan and Rosie’s Place do.
- SE2: Inquilinos Boricuas en Acción (IBA) 405 Shawmut Avenue
- Here we celebrate the life of Myrna Vázquez (1935-75). She was an actress, born in Puerto Rico. After she came to Boston, she worked hard to encourage the people in her neighborhood learn English so they could help themselves. Casa Myrna Vázquez, the largest domestic violence shelter in New England, is named after her because of the love she gave to and got back from the community. She also started a Puerto Rican festival in the South End. IBA serves the community in many ways, just as Myrna Vázquez did in her short lifetime.
- SE3: League of Women for Community Service and Maria Louise Baldwin 558 Massachusetts Avenue
- The first president of the League of Women for Community Service was Maria Louise Baldwin (1856-1922). But she is best known as an outstanding teacher and principal. She was principal, then “master” of the Agassiz School in Cambridge for over 30 years – the first African American master in New England. After she retired, she moved to the South End. Baldwin was also a brilliant lecturer, often speaking against racial discrimination and praising the achievements of Black Americans. Over the years, the League has offered many services to people of all ages. Before the Civil War, the building was a safe house on the Underground Railroad.
- SE4: Melnea Cass and the Women’s Service Club 464 Massachusetts Avenue
- Here we honor Melnea Cass (1896-1978) who was president of the Women’s Service Club, which celebrated its 80th year in 1999. Known by all as the “First Lady of Roxbury,” Cass encouraged women to vote in the 1920s, tried to make big stores and hospitals hire African Americans, helped found Freedom House, was president of the Boston chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), a charter member of the anti-poverty agency Action for Boston Community Development (ABCD), and demonstrated for integrated schools in Boston in the 1970s. In 1974, she was named Massachusetts’ “Mother of the Year.”
- SE5: Harriet Tubman House and United South End Settlements 566 Columbus Avenue
- This site honors Harriet Tubman (1820-1913). Born into slavery (her real name was Araminta), Tubman escaped in 1839 and lived most of her life in New York. But she went back to slave territory 19 times, risking her life to lead over 300 slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad and earning her the title “Black Moses.” Poet Eloise Greenfield wrote, “Harriet Tubman didn’t take no stuff, wasn’t scared of nothing neither.” The site was the first settlement house in the United States (1891). Besides housing a day care center and other services, Harriet Tubman House has photos and exhibits on Harriet’s life.
- SE6: Harriet Tubman Park
- In 1999, a 10-foot bronze sculpture that honors Underground Railroad “conductor” Harriet Tubman was dedicated. Step on Board is the first statue on city property recognizing an African American woman and the first on city-owned property honoring a woman. Created by sculptor Fern Cunningham, this powerful work of art is the focus of the newly-renovated Harriet Tubman Park. Cunningham, an art teacher who lives in Dorchester, spent three years creating the statue of the physically small woman whose words “galvanized abolitionists, both black and white” according to the Boston Globe, and whose courageous actions saved the lives of hundreds.
The Park also contains Emancipation by Meta Warrick Fuller (1877-1968), a leading artist of the Harlem Renaissance whose thematic interests included feminism, peace, African American history, dance, theater and familial subjects.
- SE7: E. Virginia Williams and The Boston Ballet 19 Clarendon Street
- There would be no Boston Ballet without E. Virginia Williams (1914-63), its founder (in 1963) and artistic director. She began dance lessons at age seven to help overcome shyness. For the first six months of her lessons, she would not even get up from her chair! But she was performing by age 12, and went on to become an outstanding and beloved teacher and imaginative choreographer. The Boston Ballet is the fourth largest professional ballet company in the nation.
- SE8: Home of Louisa May Alcott Peters Park, Shawmut Avenue and Dwight Street
- Before it was a park, this site was Groton Street, a home of Louisa May Alcott (1832-88), one of America’s most famous authors. Alcott’s best known book is Little Women. She was also a nurse during the Civil War. Alcott probably would like Peters Park. Like Jo in Little Women, she loved to play and have fun.